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70-544 | TS: Ms Virtual Earth 6.0, Application Development

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70-544 - TS: Ms Virtual Earth 6.0, Application Development - braindump

Vendor Microsoft
Exam Number 70-544
Exam Name TS: Ms Virtual Earth 6.0, Application Development
Questions 134 Q & A
Recent Update March 14, 2019
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70-544 exam Dumps Source : TS: Ms Virtual Earth 6.0, Application Development

Test Code : 70-544
Test Name : TS: Ms Virtual Earth 6.0, Application Development
Vendor Name : Microsoft
Q&A : 134 Real Questions

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Microsoft TS: Ms Virtual Earth

Aches & Pains Map suggests the place It Hurts: Yahoo-Microsoft and Google | killexams.com Real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

achespainsmap.jpg

The record of search engines is shrinking. Yahoo-Microsoft? The most well-liked topic.

Search engine market share? The fulcrum of the antagonistic MS-Yahoo bid — and one of the crucial time-honored searches in Google, Yahoo, MSN, and Ask.

On super Tuesday, we discovered a method to observe Presidential primaries on a search engine: a mashup of Google Earth and twitter / twittervision, with a Google device and iGoogle thrown in for decent measure. nonetheless, key phrase Meta Tag, meta tags, and meta key words stay our stock in exchange here at Search Engine Watch.

So when Gary cost, Ask.com director of online tips supplies and editor, ResourceShelf and DocuTicker, pinged us with a climate Channel-MSN virtual Earth mashup, we couldn’t face up to presenting a fresh perspective on the Microsoft-Yahoo antagonistic bid.

The Aches and Pains Map on weather.com indicates Google feeling no pain from the MicroHoo hoo-hah.

Yahoo investors and employees — within the yellow area – don’t appear to be suffering in Silicon Valley.

In distinction, Microsoft – rebuffed by using Yahoo – appears to plagued by excessive stages of aches and pains. The Microsoft virtual Earth map of aches and pains (a Google Earth competitor) shows Redmond essentially in the red zone.

The Aches and Pains Index map graphically depicts areas of better or reduce stages of weather-related ache. places in the orange regions can predict above ordinary ranges of aches and pains. Areas shaded in yellow will have ordinary tiers, and gray regions could be under commonplace.

So if you don’t like the climate, wait unless tomorrow. It’ll exchange, identical to Google’s share of searches – and there’s nevertheless nothing you can do about it.

wish to dwell on accurate of the newest search tendencies? Get excellent insights and news from our search specialists.

need to dwell on right of the latest search developments? Get properly insights and information from our search experts. connected reading

Gillette's “The ideal a person can be” advert sparked a lot of insurance. The precise query is, "What have an impact on did that video have on search site visitors?" The tendencies due to the fact that.

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How did the 2018 SERP adjustments have an effect on organic listings? more importantly, how if you happen to react? The year of updates in evaluate, and suggestions to reply to every.


MSN goes back to the future: new look, Bing apps are now MSN apps | killexams.com Real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

What comes around, goes round.

Plus ça metamorphosis, plus c’est la même chose.

All Of This Has came about before and may occur again.

Microsoft has simply introduced a brand new appear and a bit of of a brand new path for MSN, and a little of a rebranding for some of its most widely wide-spread apps. the brand new MSN, attainable now as a preview and rolling out over the next few weeks, points a completely responsive web site, tighter integration with Microsoft services like Outlook.com, OneDrive, and Skype, true degree integration with fb and Twitter, and a move to content material curation with some one thousand partners on board. Microsoft might be longer be creating its personal content material for MSN, but should be rebranding the Bing apps (food and drink, trip, climate, etc) over to MSN.

090814-0753-MSNgoesback1 News

if you be aware the entire method lower back to 2005, MSN became Microsoft’s main buyer brand. There become MSN Search, MSN cash, MSN digital Earth (an early 3D version of what grew to become Bing Maps), and even MSN Soapbox, Microsoft’s failed effort at a “YouTube killer”. Of course there were MSN Hotmail and MSN Messenger, too, and MSN in some elements of the world was very nearly a verb. that all changed with the rebrand to home windows reside (neatly, it didn’t *all* exchange, as some capabilities, together with the MSN.com website, stayed as MSN. yes, it become perplexing), and MSN Search became are living Search grew to be home windows live Search grew to be Bing, and Steve Ballmer tried to trade MSN to Yahoo! in return for its search company, unless Marissa Mayer pulled the plug on that.

Anyway, now we’re returned to rectangular one once again, and it’s no longer a completely bad element. the new MSN isn’t mainly creative (it shares the equal “infocard” seem to be and the frequent photo sliders common on many modern web sites), nevertheless it’s fully responsive, and Microsoft is hoping that you’ll are looking to share your services across your instruments and MSN.com. look up a recipe in foods and drinks or a stock in money, and that information will comply with you throughout not most effective the entire devices you utilize, however on MSN.com, too.

Bing is featured entrance and core, it’s clear that the quest experience isn’t being rebranded, just the apps, and whereas it’s a little bit jarring to have the search box open up in the event you go to make use of it, you get a full on domestic web page picture and a few trending searches when it does:

090814-0753-MSNgoesback2 News

For the longest time, Microsoft has acted like it just doesn’t fairly be aware of what to do with MSN, primarily under Steve Ballmer. New CEO Satya Nadella, who ran the online features business for a time, seems to at least be taking the bull through the horns and actually moving ahead with MSN. Will this be the last rebrand for MSN and Microsoft’s on-line carrier? probably now not, we’ve viewed all this before, however somehow this time it appears to all make slightly extra feel.

What do you consider? Will you omit Bing-branded apps? Will you pay more attention to MSN.com? Or is that this all too a good deal déjà vu, in all places again?


Microsoft’s New Bing—The ‘choice Engine’ | killexams.com Real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

Microsoft’s New Bing—The ‘choice Engine’ via Greg R. NotessPosted On June 8, 2009

After beginning with MSN Search as a name and then moving to the absolutely panned are living Search identify, Microsoft is making yet an additional try to garner a enhanced share of the search (and connected promoting) market. it's relaunching its search engine below the new name of Bing (www.bing.com) and calling it a "choice engine." constructing upon an awful lot know-how from the old reside Search, Bing has added a couple of new aspects to its web search and connected databases.

Stefan Weitz, a director on the Microsoft Search group, describes the development system: "[W]e appreciate that americans tell us 4 issues that any engine has to must be significant: its relevance, its pace, its previews, its multi-media. ... We stronger our indexing capabilities. We more desirable our crawling capabilities. We basically better performance to make the thing very, very quick. We truly invested an awful lot in precisely getting the core of the engine to be particularly crucial out of the gate." So let's have a look at some of what's new and different.

web Search facets

On the main Bing search page, lots of the historic, advanced live Search aspects are nonetheless accessible, and firstly look, the quest consequences can look very akin to reside Search. The preliminary reveal has a brand new picture day by day with various hot spots that link into information in regards to the photograph's theme by the use of quite a few Bing searches. New within the backside-right corner is an arrow to scroll returned via outdated days' photographs of the day.

Bing's search consequences pages have the most new facets: the explore Pane, internet companies, and Previews. the most obtrusive is the brand new explore Pane on the left-hand aspect of the hunt consequences. The Microsoft press liberate calls this "a dynamically significant set of navigation and search equipment." reckoning on the hunt, Bing's discover Pane can encompass internet groups for limiting, extra databases, related searches, and a session search heritage. the search heritage suggests probably the most fresh searches for that browser session "with a optimum session time of forty eight hours" in keeping with the Bing assist files. heritage can also be grew to become off as well, or, the use of Silverlight, Bing's retailer & Share lets searchers keep their histories to their bills and share the searches by means of e-mail, fb, home windows reside, and Microsoft's free online storage device, SkyDrive.

The internet groups limits show up at the accurate of the explore Pane for certain common subject matters, and they deliver a few limit alternate options for the bigger outcomes set. as an instance, a search on british library (www.bing.com/search?q=british+library) suggests net organizations for Jobs, shop, Coupons, Tickets, and tours. not only are the internet groups shown within the explore Pane but the actual search results are broken out with the aid of these net organizations. After the primary five commonplace net outcomes on the page comes an orange internet neighborhood heading for "British Library Jobs," adopted by way of three jobs links; then, a heading for "British Library store" is listed, adopted by three store links, and so on, with each and every net group getting a heading and three hyperlinks. hence, even with out increasing the default number of search results to more than 10, for queries which have web companies, extra consequences are displayed and Bing categorizes the effects. besides web groups, Bing links to outcomes in different databases similar to photographs or movies.

On the correct-hand side of the effects monitor, Bing adds extra new tips. Hover the cursor over a list and appear to the appropriate. A small vertical line with an orange dot within the middle appears. Hover close that icon, and Bing shows a more in-depth extract, emphasizing information pulled from the web page itself. other search engines like google and yahoo comparable to Ask reveal graphic screen pictures on a mouseover, however Bing as an alternative makes a speciality of textual content material. As Danny Sullivan writes (http://searchengineland.com/meet-bing-microsofts-new-search-engine-20093), "or not it's a nice feature that confidently will get used, though it's handy to omit. it could actually can help you more advantageous come to a decision in case you need to click via and avoid wasting time." These hover previews can even consist of deep hyperlinks that do not demonstrate up within the standard results checklist.

Deep links, Microsoft's identify for subsite links that display up beneath a homepage effect, were improved to display up to eight. (Google calls these website links while Yahoo! calls them short links.) in line with Weitz, "Deep hyperlinks are one of the crucial properly drivers of user satisfaction on the quest web page, and we invested a lot to increase the best and number of websites that have deep hyperlinks."

For some websites, Bing can show additional info. A search on nyt brings up The big apple times' web page as the good effect, with eight deep links plus the client carrier cell number and a "Search within nytimes.com" search box. while Google often suggests the quest within field, the reveal of a customer carrier cellphone quantity is an addition no longer yet purchasable elsewhere.

one more new function is the gold standard in shape, which highlights some No. 1 search consequences. For years search engines have positioned the evident reply for many navigation queries at the correct of the outcomes, but Bing's most excellent in shape goes a bit of extra. In some situations, the foremost healthy is followed by way of the leisure of the search consequences. In others, such as nyt, only 1 effect is displayed as most beneficial match together with a hyperlink to "seek different outcomes containing" the question.

other Databases

Bing additionally emphasizes different databases past the basic web search. partially, these extra databases are what Microsoft is establishing to assist with the "resolution engine" a part of Bing. Weitz describes how they "appeared at the four very typical units of tasks-browsing and local, trip and fitness-and these are assignment areas which have ... very poor satisfaction nowadays with engines like google." So the go back and forth section makes use of Microsoft's Farecast technology whereas local integrates records from numerous sources. in keeping with Weitz, opinion-rating technology is used in each the go back and forth and shopping sections to summarize and categorize stories into professionals and cons.

fitness isn't a separately identified database, however the fitness search effects are caused with the aid of browsing medical subject matters similar to edema. The web groups that are caused by way of fitness searches include themes such as Articles, indicators, medication, and Care. The Articles community brings up longer content material from sources such because the Mayo health center, Medline Plus, MD consult, and other vetted sources.

different databases proceed to include wonderful or at least useful options to an identical offerings at Google and Yahoo!. reside Maps, also called virtual Earth, is now just Bing Maps. It continues to present fowl's-eye imagery, a decision partway between Google's highway-stage view and aerial/satellite imagery. Bing photograph Search has the helpful proceed-scroll the are living image Search provided. And the video search content material, even if built-in into a daily net search or direct on the Video Search vertical, has embedded videos that a mouseover will start enjoying.

Will It Work?

whereas neither Google nor Yahoo! can credit score their success solely on their slightly goofy sounding names, a search engine wants a transparent company. And for the primary time, Microsoft may also have found one with Bing. with the aid of combining the new brand with new features, a focus on endured growth, and a brand new advertising crusade, Bing can also as a minimum start to raise market share and advertising bucks. In its first week, one internet statistics company, StatCounter (http://gs.statcounter.com/#search_engine-US-each day-20090529-20090604), found that on June 4, Bing surpassed Yahoo! site visitors. despite the fact, in a more targeted analysis gathering information from several sources, Greg Sterling notes that "Bing has got a probably big site visitors bump compared to live Search/MSN given that launch and rollout of the marketing campaign on tv and on-line. youngsters Bing has (to date) now not surpassed Yahoo for the number two spot" (http://searchengineland.com/did-bing-leapfrog-yahoo-no longer-precisely-20566).

one more analyst, Charlene Li, blogs (http://blog.altimetergroup.com/2009/05/microsoft-bings-center of attention-on-selections-is-wise----however-no longer-a-google-killer.html) that Bing does neatly "in particular in 4 key classes-searching, travel, local, and health. ... Why these categories? neatly, they are those that generate probably the most focused revenues from advertising, those the place americans deserve to make complex, multi-step choices every day." She emphasizes Bing as a choice engine. Li continues, "Microsoft does not are looking to beat Google in terms of displacing it from [its] lofty 70% dominant share of US searches. somewhat, Microsoft is out to win more users in the most profitable classes the place advertisers need to influence resolution making. here is a focused strategy, and a smart one for (far-off) #3 player Microsoft to pursue. ..."

Microsoft has handiest been operating its personal search engine with its own database for the reason that February 2005. Now on its third name in only a little longer than 4 years, Bing is eventually starting to offer a greater compelling intent to use a Microsoft search engine.


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Global PDB File Layout | killexams.com real questions and Pass4sure dumps

In my Windows 2000 book [2], detailed information about the extraction of public symbols is found, along with plenty of reusable source code. In this article, I will cover the more general task of parsing a PDB file and dissecting it into its parts without regarding the contents of its various streams. The sample application presented here is a simple Win32 console mode program that expects the path of a PDB file, and stores its constituents in separate files. Depending on the option switches specified on the command line, the following information can be extracted:

  • The PDB file header, containing general information about the file

  • The allocation bit table, which specifies what parts of the file are in use

  • The root stream, containing specific information about all data streams

  • All data streams listed in the root stream

  • The most basic structural property of a PDB file is its subdivision into pages of equal size. The most frequently used page size is 1KB (1,024 bytes), but my research has revealed that 2K and 4K pages are legal as well. (You can verify this by examining how Microsoft's dbghelp.dll processes PDB files.) A PDB stream is a sequence of file pages that contains coherent information. The most essential property of a stream is that its pages can be located anywhere in the file in arbitrary order.

    When a stream is read or written, a stream directory is responsible for telling the application which pages need to be accessed in which order. This directory is itself stored in a stream called the root stream. Additionally, an embedded Allocation Bit Table keeps track of used and unused pages. This table is indispensable as soon as "holes" appear in the PDB file due to the rearrangement of streams. If a stream is rewritten to the end of the PDB file, releasing the pages it occupied before, the allocation bit table reflects that the previous pages are free while the new pages are in use. This scheme is borrowed from simple operating systems such as MS-DOS with its FAT file system, in which a similar table specifies which disk sectors are allocated to files.

    Figure 1 shows the typical basic layouts of a PDB file in 1-KB, 2-KB, and 4-KB mode. Which page size should be used depends on the data to be stored in the streams. If the page size increases, the allocation bit table and the root stream become smaller. On the other hand, a larger page size results in more page overhang; that is, more file bytes are wasted if the stream size isn't an exact multiple of the page size. The same problem occurs in file systems, in which the disk sector size must be chosen properly to avoid excessive sector overhang. Most PDB files, such as the Windows 2000 symbol files and the debugging information generated by Microsoft Visual C/C++ 6.0, employ the 1-KB scheme, as depicted on the left side of Figure 1.

    Figure 1 Typical PDB file layouts.

    In 1-KB page mode, a maximum of 64MB can be stored in the PDB file, which simply results from multiplying the number of allocation bits by the page size. As I will show in a moment, PDB page numbers are stored as zero-based, 16-bit quantities. Therefore, the allocation bit table will never comprise more than 0[ts]10000 bits (8KB).

    The PDB header always occupies the first file page, and is followed by one or more pages containing the allocation bits. The structural definition of the header is shown in Listing 1. The first 44 bytes make up the ID string PDB_SIGNATURE_200, specifying the file type and version. At the time of this writing, the most recent version is 2.00, and this is the version used by the Windows 2000 symbol files and the Visual C/C++ debugging information. The dPageSize member indicates the page size applying to all pages in the file, and wStartPage is the zero-based page number of the first data page following the allocation bits. The size of the allocation bit table can always be computed by subtracting 1 from wStartPage (for the header page), and multiplying the result by dPageSize. The wFilePages member specifies the number of pages stored in the PDB file, and should always match the file size in bytes divided by the page size.

    Listing 1PDB File Header #define PDB_SIGNATURE_200 "Microsoft C/C++ program database 2.00\r\n\x1AJG\0" #define PDB_SIGNATURE_ 44 // size of signature (bytes) // ----------------------------------------------------------------- typedef struct _PDB_HEADER { BYTE abSignature [PDB_SIGNATURE_]; // PDB_SIGNATURE_200 DWORD dPageSize; // 0x0400, 0x0800, 0x1000 WORD wStartPage; // 0x0009, 0x0005, 0x0002 WORD wFilePages; // file size / dPageSize PDB_STREAM RootStream; // stream directory WORD awRootPages []; // pages containing PDB_ROOT } PDB_HEADER, *PPDB_HEADER, **PPPDB_HEADER;

    The RootStream member is another undocumented structure of type PDB_STREAM, as defined in Listing 2. This structure appears wherever a stream is defined. Here, it refers to the root stream that contains the sizes and locations of the data streams within the file. In a moment, we will revisit it when walking down the list of data streams in the root stream. Only the dStreamSize member of the PDB_STREAM structures is of interest when dealing with a PDB file on disk. The pwStreamPages member can obviously be used as a scratch pad by PDB read/write utilities that handle PDB information in virtual memory. Simply ignore this value because it might be a bogus address that was valid once upon a time.

    The RootStream structure is immediately followed by an array of 16-bit page numbers used by the root stream. Most PDB root streams I have seen so far don't exceed one page, so the awRootPages[] array usually contains a single entry only. One exception is the extraordinary large symbol file of ntoskrnl.exe, which has root stream that spans two pages.

    Listing 2 The Basic PDB Stream Structure typedef struct _PDB_STREAM { DWORD dStreamSize; // in bytes, -1 = free stream PWORD pwStreamPages; // array of page numbers } PDB_STREAM, *PPDB_STREAM, **PPPDB_STREAM;

    The allocation bits don't require much explanation. Each bit is associated with an individual page, and a value of 1 means that the corresponding page is currently available. The bits within a byte are ordered from least-significant to most-significant. That is, bit #0 of byte #0 refers to page #0, bit #1 of byte #0 to page #1, and so on. Note that the allocation bits of an on-disk PDB image do not necessarily reflect the status of the stored data stream pages. If you examine a couple of Windows 2000 symbol files, you will find out quickly that some data stream pages are located in pages that are marked free, and some pages marked in-use are not part of any stream. So, the allocation table is probably rebuilt by PDB readers/writers from the data in the root stream, and has meaningful content only while loaded into virtual memory.


    M Series Frequently Asked Questions | killexams.com real questions and Pass4sure dumps

    The following are the most frequently asked questions about National Instruments M Series data acquisition devices.

    Content

    1.   General

    Q: What are the features of NI M Series devices?Q: What makes an M Series “multifunction”?Q: What different M Series devices are available and what are their specifications?Q: How do M Series devices compare with legacy E Series devices?Q: Can M Series devices be used as drop-in replacements for existing E Series devices?Q: For which platforms and buses are M Series available?

    2.    Performance

    Q: What is the NI-STC 2 system timing controller?Q: Why are there six DMA channels on M Series devices?Q: What is the RTSI bus and how does it work?Q: What is a phase lock loop (PLL) and how does it work?Q: What is NI signal streaming?

    3.     Analog Input

    Q: How is calibration performed on M Series devices?Q: What is the NI-PGIA 2 amplifier?Q: What is temperature-drift?Q: What are programmable low-pass filters and how do they work?Q: What is isolation?Q: What signal conditioning devices are compatible with M Series devices for sensor measurements?

    4.     Analog Output

    Q: How do multiple analog output ranges improve accuracy?Q: What are programmable DC offsets for analog outputs?

    5.     Digital I/O and Counter/Timers

    Q: What is correlated digital  I/O and how does it work?Q: What is industrial digital I/O?Q: What are programmable power-up states?Q: What is the difference between software-timed and hardware-timed digital I/O?Q: What is the benefit of an onboard 80 MHz clock?Q: How do 32-bit counters compare to lower resolution counters?Q: Why is filtering important on counter/timer input lines?

    6.      Software

    Q: What application software is provided with M Series devices?Q: What driver software is provided with M Series devices?Q: What operating systems work with M Series?Q: Which application development environments work with M Series?Q: Do I need to make changes to my code if I replace an E Series device with an M Series device?Q: Which real-time tools work with M Series?

    7.      Service and Support

    Q: How do I get technical support for M Series devices?Q: What training is available for M Series devices?Q: What options are available for OEM customers?Q: What warranty is provided with M Series devices?

    General 

    Q: What are the features of NI M Series devices?A: National Instruments M Series multifunction data acquisition (DAQ) combines analog input, analog output, digital I/O, and counter/timers on a single device. With new, innovative analog and digital designs, M Series devices set a new standard for performance, I/O capability, safety, and value. NI-MCal technology ensures accurate analog measurements at all signal ranges by compensating for nonlinearity error during self-calibration. The NI-PGIA 2 custom instrumentation class amplifier provides true 16-bit resolution at 1 MS/s scan rates and low settling times. The NI-STC 2 system timing controller implements timing and synchronization between onboard subsystems and other devices in the same system. And, with new high-speed digital isolators, industrial M Series devices offer increased accuracy and safety by removing ground loops and rejecting high common-mode voltages.

    * For information about the new timing controller and NI-STC 2 refer to the analog input section.* For information about the new calibration scheme refer to the analog input section.* For information about the improved accuracy refer to the analog output section.

    Q:What makes an M Series “multifunction”?A: A single M Series DAQ device can provide the functionality of up to six different instruments: Digital multimeter (DMM), oscilloscope, arbitrary waveform generator, high-speed digital I/O device, and counter/timer device for frequency measurements.  M Series have up to 18-bit analog inputs that provide more than 5.5 digits of resolution for DC measurements. For dynamic measurements, M Series devices can sample at 1.25 million samples per second at 16-bit resolution (1 MS/s when scanning multiple channels). Digital signals can be clocked in and out with an onboard or external clock at up to 10 MHz, eliminating the need for a dedicated high-speed digital I/O device. Correlated DIO enables digital and analog functions to be synchronized with hardware-timed precision. With up to six DMA channels (PCI/PXI) and up to 4 NI signal streaming channels (USB), all of these functions can be performed simultaneously.  If a system requires additional functionality, an M Series device can be synchronized with other PCI or PXI instruments.

    Q:What different M Series devices are available and what are their specifications?

    A: M Series includes 5 families of devices: low-cost, high-performance, high-accuracy and industrial.  All M Series devices include 32-bit counters which operate at 80 MHz.  Table 1 outlines family specific information.

     

    Family

    Analog Input

    Analog Output

    Digital I/O

    Platforms

    Signal Conditioning

    Speed

    Resolution

    Speed

    Resolution

    Low-Cost

    Up to 250 kS/s

    16-bit

    833 kS/s

    16-bit

    1MHz, TTL, CMOS

    USB, PCI, PXI

    N/A

    Bus-Powered

    Up to 400 KS/s

    16-bit

    250 KS/s

    16-bit

    Static, TTL, CMOS

    USB

    N/A**

    High-Speed

    Up to 1.25 MS/s

    16-bit (1MS/s scanning)

    2.8 MS/s

    16-bit

    10 MHz*, TTL, CMOS

    USB, PCI, PXI

    N/A

    High-Accuracy

    Up to 625 kS/s

    18-bit (500 kS/s scanning)

    2.8 MS/s

    18-bit

    10 MHz*, TTL, CMOS

    PCI, PXI

    Low-pass filter

    Industrial

    Up to 250 kS/s

    16-bit

    Up to 250 kS/s

    16-bit

    TTL, CMOS, 24V

    PCI, PXI

    Isolation

                                                           Table 1. M Series Device Families

    *USB devices have a maximum digital I/O rate of 1 MHz.*Please see the analog input section for compatible signal conditioning platforms

    Q: How do M Series devices compare with legacy E Series devices?

    A: The following table itemizes the differences and improvements between E Series and M Series DAQ devices:

     

    Feature

    M Series

    E Series

    Analog Input

    Analog Input Channels

    8, 16, 32, 80

    16 or 64

    Sampling Rate

    Up to 1.25 MS/s (16-bit)

    Up to 1.25 MS/s (12-bit)

    Input Resolution

    16 or 18-bit

    12 or 16-bit

    Input Signal Type

    Current or Voltage

    Voltage

    Calibration Method

    NI-MCal (all ranges)

    Linear, 2-point (single range)

    Calibration Interval

    1 or 2 years

    1 year

    Programmable Low-pass Input Filters

    Yes1

    No

    Analog Output

    Analog Outputs Channels

    0, 2 or 4

    0 or 2

    Analog Output Rate

    up to 2.8 MS/s, 16-bit

    up to 333 kS/s, 16-bit

    Analog Output Resolution

    16-bit

    12 or 16-bit

    Analog Output Ranges

    Programmable per channel1

    ±10 V, 0-10 V

    Analog Output Offset

    Programmable per channel1

    0 V

    Digital I/O

    Digital I/O Lines

    24 or 48

    8 or 32

    Digital I/O Rate

    Software timed or up to 10MHz

    software-timed

    Digital Levels

    TTL/CMOS or 24V2

    TTL/CMOS

    Correlated DIO

    Yes

    No

    Digital Line Protection

    Improved over/under voltage (±20 V), over current protection

    -

    Counter

    Counter/Timers

    2, 32-bit

    2, 24-bit

    Counter Timebase

    80 MHz

    20 MHz

    Quadrature Encoder Inputs

    Yes

    No

    Counter Debouncing Filters

    Programmable per line

    None

    System

    Clock Synchronization

    PLL, RTSI

    RTSI

    DMA Channels

    63

    1 or 3

    Connector Type

    VHDCI (high density) or 37- pin DSUB

    SCSI II

    Isolation

    60 VDC continuous bank isolation, 1,400 Vrms/1,950 VDC channel-to-bus isolation, withstand for 5 seconds2

    -

                             Table 2. Functional Differences Between M Series and E Series DAQ Devices

    1Available on High Accuracy M Series devices2 Available on Industrial M Series devices3 M Series USB devices have Signal Streaming technology.  Please see the performance section for more information on signal streaming technology.

    Q: Can M Series devices be used as drop-in replacements for existing E Series devices?

    A: M Series devices maintain backward compatibility with the E Series accessories and terminal blocks by retaining the same 68-pin format. The connectors on M Series devices are different than those on E Series devices, but the pin count and pin mapping are similar, so you can use M Series devices without rewiring or refixturing your existing test system. NI offers low-cost cables to directly connect M Series devices to existing terminal block and signal conditioning accessories. For applications using legacy E Series DAQ devices, an M Series device can be used with existing accessories to upgrade the speed and accuracy of the system.  Cables designed for M Series devices also provide better shielding than E Series cables.

    * For information about software compatibility, refer to the software section of this document.

    Q: For which platforms and buses are M Series available?

    A: M Series devices are available in 32-bit, 33 MHz universal PCI, PCIe, PXI, PXIe, CompactPCI , USB 1.1 and USB 2.0*. Universal PCI devices can operate in any motherboard topology:

  • 5 V 33 MHz PCI (traditional PCI bus)
  • 3.3 V 33 MHz PCI
  • 3.3 V PCI 66 MHz
  • 3.3 V PCI-X 66 MHz
  • 3.3 V PCI-X 100 MHz
  • 3.3 V PCI-X 133 MHz
  • Other DAQ devices (non-M Series) are available for PCMCIA, and IEEE 1394 (FireWire).

    * USB 2.0 M Series devices will perform at slower USB 1.1 transfer rates when connected to a USB 1.1 host or hub.

    Performance 

    Q: What is the NI-STC 2 system timing controller?

    A: The NI-STC 2 is a custom-designed application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) that controls interboard and intraboard synchronization and timing for multifunction DAQ operations.  The NI-STC 2 provides  

  • 6 DMA channels – dedicated scatter-gather DMA controllers for each function
  • Clocked digital I/O lines (up to 10 MHz)
  • 32-bit counter/timers with encoder compatibility
  • Generation and routing of the RTSI signals for multi-device synchronization
  • Generation and routing of internal and external timing signals
  • PLL for clock synchronization
  • Q:Why are there six DMA channels on M Series devices?

    A: Many plug-in DAQ devices are limited not by their acquisition or update rates, but by the rate at which they can transfer data to PC memory. M Series devices have up to six DMA channels so a single device can perform analog input, analog output, digital input, digital output, and two counter/timer operations simultaneously while leaving the PC processor free to execute other operations. Many legacy DAQ devices have a single DMA channel, requiring two or more operations executing simultaneously to interrupt the computer processor to control the data transfer.  This causes inefficiencies by blocking other operations from being processed by the PC. As data transfer rates increase and as more operations are simultaneously performed, these interrupts begin to monopolize PC processor time, causing system slowdown and eventually generating errors. M Series DAQ devices with the NI-STC 2 can execute up to six operations simultaneously at high rates while minimizing the potential for errors due to data loss or buffer overflows.

    Figure 1. The NI STC 2 has six DMA channels for dramatically improved data throughput.

    * This benchmark was performed with a PCI-6229 M Series device with DMA channels programmatically disabled to obtain data using 1 and 3 DMA channels. The test was performed on a 2 GHz Dell Dimension Desktop PC with Windows XP, 512 MB RAM and 30 GB hard drive.

    Q: What is the RTSI bus and how does it work?

    A: All plug in M Series devices include the RTSI bus, which uses a ribbon cable, or the PXI bus to route timing and trigger signals between two or more devices in the same system. With the RTSI bus, you can synchronize analog input, analog output, digital input/output, and counter/timer operations. For example, with the RTSI bus, three analog input devices can simultaneously capture data and be synchronized to a single master clock on one of the devices.

    The RTSI bus is available on M Series, E Series, and other DAQ devices, in addition to IMAQ and CAN hardware.Q: What is a phase lock loop (PLL) and how does it work?

    A: With the phase lock loop (PLL) functionality available on plug-in M Series devices, you can generate an 80 MHz signal that is synchronized (phase locked) to a 10 MHz signal routed from another device. This enables multiple devices in a single system to share a master timebase while running at 80 MHz.  With the PLL, PXI M Series devices can also synchronize to the PXI CLK 10 clock source.

    Q:What is NI signal streaming?A: NI signal streaming technology was created to maximize USB performance and sustain multiple bidirectional high-speed data streams.  This technology also adds device-side intelligence, custom data management hardware, and streamlined data control, thereby improving single-point performance by up to 1,600 percent for analog input and up to 250 percent for analog output.

     

    Figure 2. Single-Point Analog Input and Analog Output Performance Chart

    For more information about Signal Streaming, please consult Dev Zone Tutorial: NI Signal Streaming: Sustaining High-Speed Data Streams on USB. 

    Analog Input  

    Q: How is calibration performed on M Series devices?

    A: Electronic components such as ADCs are characterized by nonlinearities and drift due to time and temperature. Compensating for these inherent sources of error requires device self-calibration. Legacy data acquisition devices use an onboard precision voltage reference to perform a two-point calibration for a single measurement range. This method fails to protect against localized component nonlinearities, diminishing the measurement accuracy of the device. Additionally, because this method calibrates only a single input range, measurements that scan multiple channels at varying input ranges are limited in accuracy by the tolerance of a resistor network.

    M Series devices incorporate NI-MCal technology, a custom-designed linearization and calibration engine that use a highly stable reference to characterize gain, offset, and linearity errors at all ranges, providing range-specific calibration coefficients that are applied in software to provide accurate readings. The implementation of NI-MCal technology improves measurement accuracy by up to five times when compared to legacy DAQ devices. Additionally, an improved precision reference lowers the maintenance cost of the device by increasing the recommended calibration interval from one year to two years on devices in the high-speed and high-accuracy M Series families.

    Q: What is the NI-PGIA 2 amplifier?

    A: NI-PGIA 2 custom designed technology improves accuracy by minimizing settling time, which is a critical specification for multiplexed DAQ applications.  More precisely, settling time is the amount of time required for a signal that is being amplified to reach a specified level of accuracy.  If an amplifier does not have sufficient settling time, the measured signal will be digitized inaccurately. Settling time is specified by the amount of error after a given time. For any given level of resolution (or accuracy), shorter settling times are desired because they allow faster sampling rates without sacrificing accuracy.  Off-the-shelf programmable gain instrumentation amplifiers (PGIAs) are not optimized for scanning multiple channels at varying voltage levels on a single device.

    The following chart shows the settling time error of the high speed NI-PGIA 2 compared to a legacy NI-PGIA, and an off-the-shelf PGIA following a 20 V step.

    Figure 3. NI-PGIA 2 technology provides faster settling times than legacy and off-the-shelf PGIA technologies.

    Q: What is temperature-drift?A: The accuracy of your DAQ device changes with the temperature of the device. M Series devices use several technologies to minimize error due to temperature drift, including the following:

  • An onboard temperature sensor readable through software to monitor changing device temperatures
  • Components with consistent values over a wide temperature range
  • Compensating components that correct for error
  • Q:What are programmable low-pass filters and how do they work?

    A: A low-pass filter attenuates signals with frequencies above the cut-off frequency while passing signals below the cut-off frequency. The cut-off frequency is defined as the frequency at which the output amplitude has decreased by 3 dB. Low-pass filters attenuate noise and reduce aliasing of signals beyond the Nyquist frequency (defined as ½ the sampling frequency).

    Generally, analog input signals measured with plug-in DAQ devices require external signal conditioning to filter high-frequency noise. High Accuracy M Series devices have an onboard programmable filter, eliminating the need for external hardware to provide this filtering capability. This low-pass filter can be programmatically engaged or disengaged with a cutoff frequency of 40 kHz. 

    Q:What is isolation?

    A: Isolation electrically and physically separates sensor signals, which can be exposed to high voltage transients and noise,from the measurement system’s low-voltage backplane.  Isolation offers many benefits including:

  • Protection for expensive equipment, the user, and data from transient voltages
  • Improved noise immunity
  • Ground loop removal
  • Increased common-mode voltage rejection
  • Isolated measurement devices provide separate ground planes for the analog and/or digital front end(s) and the device backplane to separate the sensor measurements from the rest of the system. The ground connection of the isolated front end is a floating pin that can operate at a different potential from the earth ground.  Any common-mode voltage that exists between the ground and the measurement system ground is rejected (within the devices working voltage specification).  Isolation also prevents ground loops from forming, helping reduce noise in the measurement signals.

    Figure 4. Bank Isolated Analog Input Circuitry

    Industrial M Seriesdata acquisition devices use Analog Devices iCoupler digital isolators to provide 60 VDC continuous isolation and 1,400 Vrms/1,900 VDC channel-to-bus isolation withstand for 5 s on multiple analog and digital channels and support sampling rates up to 250 kS/s.

    For more information on isolation, please refer to DevZone Tutorial: Isolation Technologies for Reliable Industrial Measurements.

    Q:What signal conditioning devices are compatible with M Series devices for sensor measurements?

    A: All plug-in M Series devices work with both SCC and SCXI signal conditioning.  68-pin USB M Series devices also works with SCC signal conditioning. Both SCC and SCXI improve measurement accuracy by providing additional amplification of low-level sensor signals and with low-pass filters to eliminate noise sources, including 50/60 Hz noise from power lines. Additionally, SCC and SCXI provide sensor-specific signal conditioning such as CJC for thermocouples, and provide excitation power for sensors such as strain gages and RTDs.

    * For more information on signal conditioning please see this link. 

    Analog Output

    Q: How do multiple analog output ranges improve accuracy?

    A: Multifunction DAQ devices have traditionally offered two analog output ranges, either bipolar (±10 V) or unipolar (0 to 10 V). With this limitation, the bits of resolution of the digital-to-analog converter (DAC) are distributed equally across the entire range. For a 16-bit DAC with 65,536 codes of resolution (216), the minimum output step for a ±10 V range is 305 µV (20 V 65,536). It is impossible for the DAC to output voltage changes smaller than 305 µV.

    High Accuracy M Series DAQ devices feature programmable output ranges that distribute the number of bits over a much smaller voltage range. For example, with a ±1 V range and 16-bit DAC resolution, the device can output 31 µV changes.

    Q: What are programmable DC offsets for analog outputs?A: Some applications require small changes in analog output level around a fixed DC offset. For example, to model 5 V power supply noise requires analog outputs that can simulate a small amount of noise (submillivolts) on a 5 VDC signal. With a traditional multifunction DAQ device that has a single output range without offsets, the range would have to be set at 0 to 10 V. Even with 16-bit resolution, the digital-to-analog converter (DAC) could only represent 153 µV changes.

    High Accuracy M Series devices have programmable analog output offsets which enable much finer resolution around a specified offset value. When used in conjunction with the programmable range feature, the programmable offset enables an M Series board to model 5 V power supply noise by using all 16-bits of resolution on a 4 to 6 V range (5 V offset with a ±1 V range). This improves the minimum code width to 31 µV. 

    Digital I/O and Counter/Timers 

    Q: What is correlated digital I/O and how does it work?

    A: Correlated I/O enables synchronization of onboard digital I/O lines to a clock reference.

  • Internal or External Clocks
  • Multiple digital lines on the same device can be synchronized to a common clock which enables multibit pattern detection.  It also enables clocked digital waveform generation or acquisition at rates up to 10 MHz.

  • Analog I/O and counter/timers
  • M Series enables you to time-correlate different operations with analog I/O, digital I/O and counter/timers.  For example, you can synchronize digital and analog samples in time by sharing your AI clock as the source of your digital I/O clock. To sample a digital signal independent of an AI, AO, or DO operation, you can configure a counter to generate the desired DI clock or use an external signal as the source of the clock.

    Q: What is industrial digital I/O?A:Industrial applications often involve requirements beyond the capabilities of a typical measurement device. For example, many industrial sensors and actuators require 24 V logic levels and may operate at different voltage potentials that can cause ground loops. Safety for the measurement or control system and safety for the user or operator are equally important. With voltage levels up to 30 V, high current drive, and isolation, NI M Series devices can connect directly to a wide array of industrial pumps, valves, motors, and other sensors/actuators while providing a high degree of safety and reliability.Q: What are programmable power-up states?

    A: When a computer is powered on, various components begin their own power-up routines to ensure that they reach a functional and expected state. If digital outputs are used inside the computer to control machinery or an industrial process, it is important that the digital outputs are also initialized to a known state. Changing the outputs typically requires that an application is running, but the module may be on for several minutes before the application can start.

    Using programmable power-up states, you can configure the initial digital output states in software to ensure glitch-free operation when connected to industrial actuators such as pumps, valves, motors, and relays.  An Industrial M Series device holds these output states after receiving power, so your computer can boot and your software application can begin running. Programmable power-up states are glitch-free, meaning the outputs never go through an incorrect state during power up. You can configure each individual digital line as high-output or low output. Each Industrial M Series device stores the settings in onboard non volatile memory and implements the power-up states instantaneously after power is applied to the device.

    Q: What is the difference between software-timed and hardware-timed digital I/O?

    A: Software-timed digital I/O is system dependent, and speeds vary based on the processing power of the host PC. This is also referred to as “static” DIO. Clocked digital I/O is hardware-timed, meaning the update or sampling rate is governed by a stable clock source. This clock is independent of the system used.  M Series devices can use an onboard clock source or an external signal as the digital timebase.

    Q: What is the benefit of an onboard 80 MHz clock?

    A: The 80 MHz timebase can be used as the source input to the 32-bit general-purpose counter/timers. It improves the accuracy of frequency measurements and generation versus the 20 MHz timebase on E Series DAQ devices. A faster timebase improves pulse width and period measurement accuracy and enables faster pulse train signal generation.

    Figure 5. Single Point Frequency Measurement

    Q: How do 32-bit counters compare to lower resolution counters?

    A: A counter is specified by the number of events it can count before resetting. For example, a 32-bit counter can count 232, or over 4 billion events. This is over 65 thousand times more register capacity than the 16-bit counter/timers found on other DAQ devices. If a counter/timer exceeds its maximum count capacity during an operation, the register resets and data is lost.

    Q: Why is filtering important on counter/timer input lines?

    A: In process control applications involving frequency sensors and in relay monitoring applications, the sensors often exhibit bouncing, especially if a mechanical relay drives the output of the sensor. With input filters enabled on the counter/timer lines on M Series device, it samples the input on each rising edge of a filter clock. When the filter clock has sampled the signal high on N consecutive edges, the low to high transition is propagated to the rest of the circuit. The value of N depends on the filter setting. In Figure 6, the value of N is set to 5.

    Figure 6. Filtered Counter/Timer Line 

    Software  

    Q: What application software is provided with M Series devices?

    A: LabVIEW SignalExpress LE is included with all M Series devices.  National Instruments LabVIEW SignalExpress is interactive, measurement software for quickly acquiring, analyzing, and presenting data from hundreds of data acquisition devices and instruments, with no programming required.  To learn more about LabVIEW SignalExpress LE, visit http://www.ni.com/labview/signalexpress/.

    Q: What driver software is provided with M Series devices?

    A: Many DAQ devices come with just a basic DAQ device driver. Some devices require the separate purchase of driver software even for basic functionality. All M Series devices include NI-DAQmx measurement services and driver software.

    NI-DAQmx measurement services software controls every aspect of your DAQ system: configuration, programming, and low-level operating system device control. With NI-DAQmx software, you can quickly configure and acquire measurements. NI-DAQmx features virtual channels that automatically scale raw data into engineering units.  NI-DAQmx also features the DAQ Assistant, a utility that configures DAQ applications with zero programming and automatically generates code.

    NI-DAQmx software goes far beyond a basic DAQ driver to deliver increased productivity and performance. Consider the following software criteria when you purchase your DAQ system.

     

     

    Measurement Services Features

    NI-DAQmx Measurement Services

    Basic DAQ Driver

    Productivity

    Automatic code generation

    *

    Configuration management

    *

    Analog, digital, and counter test panels

    *

    o

    Scaling to real-world units

    *

    Single API for all hardware and I/O types

    *

    Measurement examples

    >3000

    <20

    Pin-point error diagnostics

    *

    Performance

    Optimized multithreaded I/O performance

    *

    Optimized single-point loops

    *

    o

    Real-time capabilities

    *

    Advanced calibration

    *

    Table 3. Comparison Between NI-DAQmx and Basic DAQ Driver Software

    Key: * Best o Good — Not Provided

    For more information on the DAQmx driver, please see Transition from Traditional NI-DAQ to NI-DAQmx in LabVIEW

    Q:What operating systems work with M Series?

    A:

  • Windows 2000/XP/Vista x86/Vista x64
  • Windows 98/ME/NT2
  • Windows Mobile 5, Pocket PC 20031
  • Real Time OS, RTX1
  • Mac OS X1
  • Mandrakelinux 10.1 Official3
  • Mandriva Linux 20062
  • SUSE LINUX Professional 9.2 and 9.33
  • Red Hat Enterprise Linux WS 33
  • Red Hat Enterprise Linux WS 41
  • 1 NI-DAQmx Base driver required for this operating system.  Please see the specific driver’s readme file for a list of supported devices and supported features.2 These operating system are supported under an older version of the DAQmx driver. Please see the specific driver’s readme file for a list of supported devices.3 These operating system can be used with an older version of the DAQmx driver or a current version of the DAQmx Base driver. Please see the specific driver’s readme file for a list of supported devices.

    Please visit http://www.ni.com/downloads/ to find specific drivers and readme files mentioned above.

    Q:Which application development environments work with M Series?

    A: M Series DAQ devices work with every development environment compatible with NI-DAQmx, including:

  • LabVIEW 7.x or later
  • LabVIEW Real-Time 7.1 or later*
  • LabVIEW SignalExpress LE or higher
  • LabWindows/CVI 7.x or later
  • Measurement Studio 7.x or later
  • ANSI C/C++
  • C#
  • Visual Basic .NET
  • Visual Basic 6.0
  • *Not compatible with USB devices

    Q:Do I need to make changes to my code if I replace an E Series device with an M Series device?

    A: Existing NI-DAQmx applications written for an E Series device run unchanged on an M Series device. You may need to perform additional programming to take advantage of the advanced timing and synchronization features of M Series.

    The Traditional NI-DAQ Compatibility VIs make it possible to port most existing applications written with Traditional NI-DAQ to operate under NI-DAQmx with M Series. However, you will not gain the NI-DAQmx benefits of multithreaded I/O speed, automatic trigger routing, and DAQ Assistant code generation. Additionally, the Compatibility VIs do not work with SCXI signal conditioning. At a low-level, the Compatibility VIs redirect software calls to NI-DAQmx VIs. These VIs handle most, but not all functionality. Depending on the complexity of your application, you may need to rewrite your application using NI-DAQmx. The Traditional NI-DAQ Compatibility VIs are only available for LabVIEW. You can download the Traditional NI-DAQ Compatibility VIs from http://joule.ni.com/nidu/cds/view/p/id/822/lang/en.

    Q: Which real-time tools work with M Series?

    A: All PCI and PXI M Series devices can be used with LabVIEW Real-Time and NI-DAQmx to build reliable, deterministic, stand-alone applications with no user interaction required. The NI-DAQmx API is optimized for easier implementation and faster development of real-time applications than traditional real-time operating systems.

    USB M Series devices are not compatible with LabVIEW Real-Time.

    Service and Support

    Q:How do I get technical support for M Series devices?

    A: NI offers extensive support options through www.ni.com/support. You can call, e-mail, or troubleshoot problems online with NI engineers. In addition, ni.com provides a wealth of resources for customers--from user getting started with M Series to DAQ experts looking for tips from the designers. Online resources include:

  • Downloadable drivers and updates for NI-DAQmx and other measurement products
  • Over 3,000 KnowledgeBase entries
  • Online product manuals (downloadable help files and PDFs)
  • Over 3,000 example programs
  • Tutorials and application notes
  • Q:What training is available for M Series devices?

    A: The concepts of DAQ are taught in regional seminars and customer education courses. You can get a free hands-on tutorial through one of our regularly scheduled training seminars, offered by your local field engineer. To find a free seminar in your area, visit www.ni.com/events.

    National Instruments also offers a 3-day DAQ course that covers the theory of DAQ and includes hands-on work with multifunction DAQ, signal conditioning, and NI-DAQmx software. To learn more or to enroll in a course, visit ni.com/training.

    Q:What options are available for OEM customers?

    A: In addition to supplying free 7-day evaluation kits and world-class technical support, NI offers pricing discounts for qualified OEM applications. Several devices are designed for use in such applications. M Series leads the market in MIO channel density, lowering your cost and space requirements. M Series devices offer up to 80 analog input, 4 analog output, and 48 digital I/O lines. In addition, 32-bit counter/timers can generate or measuring long pulses without the need to cascade multiple channels. With NI-DAQmx software you can quickly implement and test your design iterations, greatly reducing your development time and cost.

    For more information on hardware and software customization, visit www.ni.com/oem or contact your local NI representative.Q:What warranty is provided with M Series devices?

    A: All M Series devices have a 1-year warranty that covers against defects in workmanship and material from the date of shipment of the product. Extended warranty options are available that can help you to fix your maintenance costs over 2 or more years. Contact your National Instruments sales representative for more information.


    Musk Confirms Record Tesla Sales, Provides Exec Updates | killexams.com real questions and Pass4sure dumps

    In a wide-ranging congratulatory email sent to Tesla employees, CEO Elon Musk confirmed record sales for Tesla and provided a rundown of executive changes underway.

    But really, the main point here is the sales ramp, not only of the Model 3, but the S and X, too. Of which, Musk previously Tweeted:

    Company Update

    September 7, 2018

    The following email was just sent to Tesla employees:

    First, I’d like to thank you for your incredible efforts and contribution as we enter the final few weeks of this quarter. This is a very exciting time for Tesla, to say the least, and you are the reason for the tremendous progress we’ve made in a relatively short period of time. It is easy to forget that our company was almost unknown 10 years ago and didn’t even exist until after the start of the 21st century!

    We are about to have the most amazing quarter in our history, building and delivering more than twice as many cars as we did last quarter. For a while, there will be a lot of fuss and noise in the media. Just ignore them. Results are what matter and we are creating the most mind-blowing growth in the history of the automotive industry. Even the Ford Model T, which held the world record for the fastest growing car in history, didn’t grow as fast in sales or production as the Model 3.

    Moreover, we also have the most exciting new product lineup of any company in the world. There is the Model Y, the Tesla (pickup) Truck, the Semi and the new Roadster. Then there is the Solar Roof, which is spooling up in production, and continued advancements in Powerwall and Powerpack. And that’s just what people know about …

    To help achieve our goals, after discussing this in-depth with the Tesla board of directors and executive staff over the past several weeks, I am excited to announce a number of management changes:

    Jerome Guillen has been promoted to President, Automotive, reporting directly to me. In his new role, Jerome will oversee all automotive operations and program management, as well as coordinate our extensive automotive supply chain. Jerome has made major contributions and acquired deep knowledge of Tesla’s operations over the past eight years at our company, from being the first Model S Program Manager to managing all vehicle programs, then all vehicle engineering and worldwide sales & service. Recently, Jerome played a critical role in ramping Model 3 production, leading what almost all thought was impossible: creation of an entire high-volume General Assembly line for Model 3 in a matter of weeks. Before coming to Tesla, Jerome was responsible for creating and running the most successful semi truck program in history at Daimler’s Freightliner division.

    Kevin Kassekert has been promoted to VP of People and Places, with responsibility for Human Resources, Facilities, Construction, and Infrastructure Development. Kevin has been with Tesla for 6 years and was previously VP, Infrastructure Development. Kevin led the construction and development of our Gigafactory in Nevada, turning what was a pile of rocks in the Sierra Nevada mountains into a factory employing 12 thousand people with greater output than the entire rest of the world’s battery factories combined, in roughly three years. That is insanely badass. Prior to joining Tesla, Kevin engineered and built multi-billion dollar production plants in the semiconductor industry. As many of you know, Tesla’s Chief People Officer Gaby Toledano has been on leave for a few months to spend more time with her family and has decided to continue doing so for personal reasons. She’s been amazing and I’m very grateful for everything she’s done for Tesla.

    Chris Lister joined Tesla last year and was key to solving our production problems at the Gigafactory and ramping Model 3 production. He is being promoted to VP, Gigafactory Operations. In this role, he leads our production and manufacturing engineering at Giga. Before Tesla, Chris ran several ultra high volume factories at PepsiCo.

    Felicia Mayo, Sr. HR Director and head of our Diversity and Inclusion program, has been promoted to VP, reporting to both Kevin and me. Felicia has done great work promoting the importance of having one of the most diverse workforces in the world and ensuring fairness across hundreds of roles and Tesla operations in over 50 countries. She previously worked in senior HR roles at PwC and Oracle, and, most recently was Vice President, Global Talent Acquisition and Diversity for Juniper Networks.

    Laurie Shelby, Tesla’s VP, Environmental, Health and Safety (EHS) will also report directly to me. Your safety and just generally making sure that you love coming to work is extremely important, which is why EHS will report directly to me. We are working hardcore on having the safest (and most fun) work environment in the automotive industry by far. Laurie came to Tesla last year after a 25+ year career at Alcoa, where she made tremendous progress in workplace safety. Since joining, she has already overseen a reduction in our employee injury rate, as well as major improvements in our EHS program.

    Cindy Nicola, VP of Global Recruiting, will report to both Kevin and me. Cindy has overseen the company’s global recruiting efforts since 2015, bringing on tens of thousands of highly talented people. Prior to Tesla, Cindy led worldwide Corporate Recruiting at Apple, and before that was VP, Global Talent Acquisition at Electronic Arts.

    Finally, Dave Arnold has been promoted to Sr. Director, Global Communications, overseeing Tesla’s communications team. Dave was previously Director of Corporate Communications at Virgin America.

    Thanks again for your incredible work in making Tesla successful. What you are doing is vital to achieving an amazing and sustainable energy future for all of humanity and life on Earth.

    Elon



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    References :


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    Issu : https://issuu.com/trutrainers/docs/70-544
    Scribd : https://www.scribd.com/document/353325319/Killexams-com-70-544-Braindumps-and-Practice-Tests-with-Real-Questions
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    Dropmark-Text : http://killexams.dropmark.com/367904/12210153
    Blogspot : http://killexamsbraindump.blogspot.com/2017/11/dont-miss-these-microsoft-70-544-dumps.html
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    Box.net : https://app.box.com/s/7hv5x4lr1mkesu7zevd30sey81p432es
    publitas.com : https://view.publitas.com/trutrainers-inc/microsoft-70-544-dumps-and-practice-tests-with-real-questions
    zoho.com : https://docs.zoho.com/file/5wmnz408dd1a70255459a9f0628cd01a99203






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